Test your awareness of Web terminology with this brief vocabulary quiz. Then use the answers (located at the end of this article) to help you understand the workings of this vast Internet resource:
1. You can quickly return to a Web site previously visited if you inserted a (a) bookmark (b) icon (c) locator.
2. An example of a popular character-based Web navigation tool is (a)Mink (b)Lynx (c)Otter.
3. Encryption software allows for confidential (a) commercial transactions on the Web (b) on-line Web meetings (c) translation of Web pages into foreign languages.
4. When you enter a Web site, the first thing you usually see is a (a) software identification code (b) home page (c) password screen.
5. Documents composed for the WWW typically are coded with (a) universal symbol language (b) applied ASCII language (c) hypertext markup language.
6. A Webmaster is (a) a hands-on administrator of a Web site (b) a highly experienced Web navigator (c) an editor of Web software.
7. A software package that allows you to reach Web sites and retrieve Web information is known as a (a) surfer (b) browser (c) handler.
8. A hit refers to (a) any of the "Top Ten" Web sites (b) the number of times a Web page is reached (c) the number of times a Web site's hypertext links are used.
9. Web sites are classified by type into (a) domains (b) links (c) launchers.
10. The mechanism by which computers can access other computers' Web sites is known as (a) universal programming (b) hypertext transfer protocol (c) multi-link exchange protocol.
11. The Web's multi-media capabilities refer to (a) integration of the Web with television (b) use of sound, video and animation at Web sites (c) the links between Web sites and research libraries.
12. A Web page that allows you to respond to its creator in some way is often called (a) an interactive internet searcher (b) a form (c) a communication launcher.
13. The linking of text with sound, photographs and other features is known as (a) hypermedia (b) mixed media (c) cybercapacity.
14. A space in your computer that stores Web documents that you've accessed is known as (a) RAM (b) a cache (c) a bookmark.
15. Every site on the World Wide Web is represented by a (a) Uniform Resource Locator (URL) (b) Synchronized Internet Pathway (SIP) (c) Hypertext Markup Language Identifier (HTMLI).
16. An example of a sophisticated programming tool useful in creating Web applications is (a)Sinko (b)Java (c)Transmit.
17. The Web features which allow you to jump from one document to another on the basis of a single word or phrase is known as (a) regression (b) point-to-point protocol (c) hypertext.
18. Netscape is (a) a popular Web navigation software (b) World Wide Web etiquette (c) a Web adventure site.
19. A Web presense or destination is known as (a) an e-mail address (b) an electronic home (c) a site.
20. Hyperlinks allow you to (a) move from one part of the Web to another (b) help you solve reference problems on the Web (c) contact the creators of home pages.
21. Web sites used to disseminate information within an organization are often termed (a) intranets (b) personal webs (c) home sites.
22. A single document on the Web is known as a (a) home page (b) Web page (c) Web site.
23. The "home" of the Web is in (a) Washington, D.C. (b) Switzerland (c) New York City.
24. You can move data from a Web site to your own computer by a process called (a) downloading (b) uploading (c) transference.
25. A security system that carefully separates an organization's Web function from its other computer systems is known as a (a) hypersecurity network (b) firewall (c) mainframe disconnect.
26. You can obtain the ability to use the Web by (a) purchasing a Web server (b) subscribing to an access provider's service (c) opening an e-mail account at a major university.
27. Standard templates that allow you to easily create your own home pages are known as (a) easy links (b) wizards (c) hyperlinks.
28. A national service allowing you access to Web sites is know as a (a) software documentation source (b) on-line service (c) local access provider.
29. Graphic symbols that represent locations on the Web are known as (a) visual bits (b) maps (c) icons.
30. You can build speedy access to the Web if you have (a) extra RAM (b) a fast modem (c) modern navigation software.
31. A service that allows you to navigate through text-based sites is known as (a) gopher (b) bookmark (c) EZ internet.
32. A computer that holds one or many Web pages is called a (a) mainframe (b) server (c) Web site.
33. Clickthroughs refer to (a) the number of attempts a computer user must make to access a site (b) the number of times visitors reach ads and pages related to a site (c) the number of times visitors return to a Web site within a thirty-day period.
34. The electronic mechanism that allows you to obtain information from Web sites over serial lines is known as (a) point-to-point protocol (b) hypermedia (c) windows extensions.
35. A software systems that allows you to create hyperlinked material is known as an (a) encoding system (b) authoring system (c) Internet browsing system.
1. (a) Many modern navigation software packages allow you to place electronic bookmarks at favorite Web sites.
2. (b) Lynx is an easy-to-use tool, popular among many people who don't have full computer graphics capability.
3. (a) Encryption software is becoming quite sophisticated, allowing for exchange of financial and credit card information. It's essential for the development of Web commerce.
4. (b) Home page: It's what your browser loads when you enter a site.
5. (c) Hypertext markup language (HTML) codes are commonly used on Web documents. HTML codes, roughly analogous to early word processing software codes, are relatively easy to learn.
6. (a) Administrator of a Web site.
7. (b) Browser.
8. (b) Number of times a page is reached.
9. (a) The domain classification is usually placed as a suffix at the end of the Web site address. Common domain designations: com (commercial site), edu (educational institution site), gov (government site).
10. (b) Hypertext transfer protocol. You'll notice that almost all Web addresses begin with the letters http. This electronic symbol indicates a Web address using this protocol follows.
11. (b) A powerful feature of the Web is its ability to integrate text, graphics, photographs, audio and animation.
12. (b) An "interactive page" is a form.
13. (a) The term hypermedia broadly defines the topical links, or connections, among various pages -- and media -- on the Web.
14. (b) Cache.
15. (a) The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the "address" of a site. It almost always begins with the designatation http.
16. (b) Unlike many Web tools, Java requires some programming knowlege and skill.
17. (c) Hypertext unleashes the full power of the Web. It allows you to access many different Web sites through key words or phrases in a document. For example: A site containing a hypertext notation on the phrase "consumer marketing" (usually marked by bold facing or underlining) allows you to visit other locations bearing information or views on this topic with a few clicks of your mouse.
18. (a) Netscape currently is the best-selling navigation software in North America.
19. (c) Web site.
20. (a) Hyperlinks are the electronic pointers which allow you to move quickly from one site to another related site.
21. (a) Intranets are among the fastest-growing Web sites. They're used to disseminate company or organizational news, and as a reference for organizational policies and information.
22. (b) Web page. Many pages may comprise a site.
23. (b) The Web was created and is monitored at CERN, a Swiss research laboratory.
24. (a) Downloading.
25. (b) An adequate firewall, a combination of hardware and software developed by an organization sponsoring a Web site, is an essential security precaution against unauthorized intrusion into a computer system by Web site visitors.
26. (b) Access providers can furnish you with the client software necessary to access the Web.
27. (b) Wizards can be purchased commercially, obtained in shareware form from some software companies, and even obtained from several national on-line services as part of their subscription packages.
28. (b) CompuServe and America Online are examples of national service providers.
29. (c) Icons.
30. (b) A fast modem -- commonly a 28,800-baud modem -- brings speed to your Web operations.
31. (a) Gophers are directories that allow you to search for Internet information topically.
32. (b) Server.
33. (b) Web advertisers, in particular, note the difference between serious visits to Web sites which result in customer response and clickthroughs, which may be little more than a sampling of a site's multiple pages by curiosity seekers.
34. (a) PTP transmits data in packets and reassembles it at your computer.
35. (b) The term authoring system includes any software tool that allows you to create material that's hyperlinked, user-driven and, frequently, interactive.
Richard G. Ensman, Jr. is a syndicated freelance writer based in Rochester, NY.